Billardiera heterophylla, Bluebell Creeper

Image/s
Category
Creepers and climbers
Scientific Name
Billardiera heterophylla
Common Name/s
Bluebell Creeper
Weed Information

Threat: High threat environmental weed.

Description: Hardy evergreen vigorous climber with dense foliage and masses of bluebell flowers. Capable of strangling or smothering other plants. It is a popular choice for gardens, which have acted as a major source of infestation.

Flowers: Pendent clusters of two to five small blue-mauve five-petal bell-shaped flowers near end of branches. Flowers spring to summer.

Fruits: Fleshy green cylindrical berry 15–35mm long following flowers, changes to purplish-green and soft when ripe in summer-autumn. Each fruit contains around 50 small black seeds.

Leaves: Alternate, 20–50mm long and 5–15mm wide, light to dark green, glossy and hairless above and paler underside, mid vein prominent.

Stems: Twisting, arching branches, woody and supple. Young stems shining reddish-brown.

Note: Berry contains toxins responsible for causing irritation or nausea. Invades heathland, grassland, forest, riparian areas and gardens. Previously Sollya heterophylla.

Similar indigenous species: There are indigenous Billardiera species such as B. scandens, B. cymosa and B. longiflora. Bluebell Creeper is distinguished by glossy leaves, bright coloured flowers and rampant climbing habit.

Control measures: Hand weeding, smothering/mulching, spot spraying, cut and paint with suitable herbicide.

Dispersal: Birds, animals, machinery, seeds, vegetative.