Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. Monilifera, Boneseed

Image/s
Category
Small to medium shrubs
Scientific Name
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. Monilifera
Common Name/s
Boneseed
Weed Information

Status: Declared Noxious Weed (Regionally Controlled), Weed of National Significance.

Threat: High threat environmental weed.

Description: Bushy upright shrub to three metres high. Often forms dense, extensive infestations which may smother virtually all other vegetation in the area, including threatened orchids in some places.

Flowers: Bright yellow daisy flowers with four to eight petals in loose clusters at branch tips in spring.

Fruits: Green berries in summer turning to black when ripe. Hard, bone-coloured seeds.

Leaves: Dull green oval to paddle-shaped leaves up to 7.5cm long, fleshy. Edges shallow toothed. Seedling and young leaves light green with soft white cobweb like down. Mature leaves darker and firm.

Stems: Soft, woody and springy. Certain plants may form trunk to 10cm diameter covered with pale greyish bark.

Roots: Woody, shallow with no distinct taproot.

Note: Invades coastal environments and bushland. Fruits spread by birds, foxes, and in soil. Seeds long lived in soil and will germinate after fire or soil disturbance.

Similar indigenous species: When not in flower similar to native Myoporum species and Hop Goodenia (Goodenia ovata) when small.

Control measures: Hand weeding, spot spraying, cut and paint with suitable herbicide, slashing or mowing.

Dispersal: Animals, Machinery, Water, Seeds.