Threat: High threat environmental weed.
Description: Upright evergreen large shrub or small tree with arching branches and young stems that have dense woolly hairs. It is semi-deciduous with red fruit and native to China.
Flowers: Small white flowers (8–10mm across) are borne in dense clusters of six to 20 flowers in spring and summer. Each flower has five spreading petals.
Fruits: Small to medium rounded or egg-shaped ‘berries’ (5–8mm across), red when ripe in autumn. Usually containing two seeds and potentially poisonous.
Leaves: Relatively small oval-shaped leaves 10–40mm long and 8–16mm wide, dull green and hairless above, silvery-whitish below with dense hairs.
Note: Fruits spread by birds and animals (e.g. foxes). Seeds long lived in soil and will germinate after soil disturbance. Can also spread vegetatively by layering. Invades bushland and riparian areas. Tolerates most conditions. There are several weedy Cotoneaster species present in Nillumbik.
Control measures: Hand weeding, cut and paint or scrape and paint with suitable herbicide, slashing or mowing.
Dispersal: Birds, water, animals, seeds.