Status: Declared Noxious Weed (Regionally Controlled).
Threat: High threat environmental weed.
Description: Erect perennial herb with pale green sword-shaped leaves up to one metre that die back each year in late summer.
Flowers: Red-brown flowering stem develops in winter to spring, with large pink to red trumpet-shaped flowers with six pointed lobes in two rows on upper stem. Flowers from October to December.
Leaves: Pale green sword-shaped leaves arranged in a fan. Broad at base, upright with pointed tips. Parallel veins with prominent midrib.
Stems: Dark reddish, cylindrical at base attached to large bulb.
Roots: Large bulb with stringy brown fibrous, covering up to 8cm below surface.
Fruits: Regenerates primarily by bulbils which form in clusters along stem. Seeds rarely formed.
Note: Invades roadsides, coastal and grassy woodlands, heathland, forests, and riparian environments. Bulbils spread by slashing, soil movement, animals and people.
Control measures: Hand removal.
Dispersal: Animals, Machinery, Water Seeds.